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Czech version of Lorm's alphabet

The Czech modification of the original German Lorm's alphabet was created by Czech deafblind people at their meeting at the psycho-rehabilitative stay organized by the Lorm society in June 1993.

For communication with a deafblind person we preferably use the palm of his left hand, with its fingers a little spread. When needed also the palm of the right hand might be used. The speaker uses mostly the tips of his index finger to point into the receiving person´s hand and fingers. The letters are set according to this scheme:

Scheme of czech version of Lorm's alphabet

Note: Clicking on image will show you it's larger version (dimensions 884×652, size 20 kB).

Letters

  • A – touch the tip of the thumb
  • B – short strike downwards along his index finger in the direction from the tip in the middle of the finger
  • C – touch the wrist /touch the middle point of the lowest part of the palm of his hand.
  • D – short strike downwards along his middle finger in the direction from the tip in the middle of the finger
  • E – touch the tip of his index finger
  • F – gently squeeze together the tips of his index finger and his middle finger
  • G – short strike downwards along his ring finger in the direction from the tip in the middle of the finger
  • H – strike downwards along his little finger in the direction from the tip in the middle of the finger
  • CH – gently squeeze together the tips of the ring finger and the little finger
  • I – touch the tip of his middle finger
  • J – gently squeeze the tip of his middle finger
  • K – touch with all your tips together the middle of the palm of his hand
  • L – long strike downwards along his middle finger in the direction from the tip in the middle of the finger
  • M – touch the base of the little finger
  • N – touch the base of the index finger
  • O – touch the tip of the ring finger
  • P – long strike upwards on the outside (on the side to the thumb) of the index
  • Q – long strike upwards on the outside of his hand (on the side of the little finger)
  • R – drum slightly with several of your tips in the middle of the palm of the hand
  • S – circle in the middle of the palm of the hand
  • T – strike downwards in the middle of the thumb
  • U – touch the tip of the little finger
  • V – touch the thumb vault, somehow from the outside
  • W – touch the thumb vault twice, somehow from the outside, the second touch follows at the same spot after the first one
  • X – horizontal strike (from the thumb to the little finger) over the wrist
  • Y – horizontal strike (from the index finger to the little finger) over the bases of all the fingers
  • Ý – horizontal strike (from the index finger to the little finger) over the bases of all the fingers, ending with one perpendicular strike
  • Z – diagonal strike from the thumb to the base of the little finger (over the center of the palm)

Long wovels

A squeeze of the tip of the relevant finger for the vowel and continuously strike towards the tip of the finger, or a short strike on the tip of the relevant finger towards the tip of the finger.

Letters with wedges

The letters with wedges (Č, Ď, Ě, Ň, Ř, Š, Ť, Ž) are communicated by two following touches. Firstly the wedge is pointed by touching the curve between the thumb and the index finger and afterwards the letter itself is marked. For example the letter "Š" is communicated by touching the curve between the thumb and the index finger and afterwards the circle in the palm of the hand follows. The letter "Ě" is communicated by touching the curve between the thumb and the index finger and afterwards the touch at the tip of the index finger follows.

Numbers

Two possible ways:

  1. Arabic numbers write by the outline in the palm of the hand, the marking of the numbers thousand, million and billion by abbreviations – tsd., mill. bill.,
  2. or using the same marking as in Braille's writing: 1 = A, 2 = B, 3 = C, 4 = D, 5 = E, 6 = F, 7 = G, 8 = H, 9 = I, 0 = J, and before the letter use the reversed strike of "L" (from the wrist to the tip of the middle finger)

I don't understand

Closing the palm.

Question mark

Write with your index finger the outlines of the question mark.

Space between words

A double strike by the open hand on the palm of the hand.

Error

A gentle clap to the palm of the hand.

Sentence ending

A double strike by the open hand on the palm of the hand.

LORM – Society for the deafblind, © 1993